Is there a new growth opportunity for conductive pastes?

24th May 2019
Posted By : Alex Lynn
Is there a new growth opportunity for conductive pastes?

Power electronics is a growing market thanks to the electrification of many industries including the automotive industry, as outlined in the IDTechEx Research report ‘Conductive Ink Markets 2019-2029: Forecasts, Technologies, Players’. The power electronic modulus are also growing in performance. 

In particular, they are becoming smaller, lighter weight, more tightly integrated and better able to handle higher power levels. In some cases, the semiconductor technology is also shifting from Si IGBT to SiC MOSFET. The dies are shrinking in area and the number of push-pull pairs in the circuit are being reduced. All these translate into higher power densities and higher operating temperatures.

In many cases, the bottleneck today is the material used in the power module package. The aluminium wire bond and the die and substrate attach are common modes of failure. The high operating temperatures push performance requirements beyond the capabilities of SAC solders. This opens the door to alternatives.

In particular, metal sintering has emerged as a promising high-performance and high-cost alternative. The most common version is based on micron-sized Ag particles and requires pressured sintering. The trend now is to improve pressure-less sintering, which is traditionally constrained to small die areas and suffers from long sintering times. 

To this end, nano Ag or hybrid (nano and micro) sinter particles are developed. Furthermore, there is today's innovation in form factor, going beyond pastes to offer dry films and dips to make it easier for the user to adopt. The metal sintering technology is now qualified in the automotive sector after five to seven years of development.

Cu versions are also in competition. As usual, the promise is the same: offer the same or higher performance than Ag whilst cutting costs. The early results are promising but, as usual, Cu solutions are not a drop-in replacement since their sintering conditions are different. This year and next year will probably be make-or-break years for Cu alternatives, as serious testing is well underway.

In general, metal sintering is high-performance. The thermal conductivity is high and the melting temperature of a sintered die attach line is comparable to a solid metal, thus offering very high homologous temperatures. The cost, however, is still a significant barrier. This is both direct material costs and also the associated costs, in terms of new equipment, new required surface finishes/metallisations and so on.

This technology is, however, now on the move. The number of suppliers has multiplied. Almost all module makers have worked with and prototyped using metal sintering solutions. As such, IDTechEx Research has assessed that the future of this market as highly promising.

To learn more about metal sintering, please refer to the IDTechEx Research report ‘Conductive Ink Markets 2019-2029: Forecasts, Technologies, Players’. This report provides the most comprehensive and authoritative view of the conductive inks and paste market, giving detailed, ten year market forecasts segmented by application and material type. 

The market forecasts are given in tonnage and value at the ink level. It provides a detailed assessment of more than 25 application sectors. It analyses the market needs/requirements, discusses the business dynamics, market leadership and technology change trends, competing solutions, latest product/prototype launches, key players and market forecasts in tonnes and value.

You must be logged in to comment

Write a comment

No comments

Sign up to view our publications

Sign up

Sign up to view our downloads

Sign up

Girls in Tech | Catalyst | 2019
4th September 2019
United Kingdom The Brewery, London
DSEI 2019
10th September 2019
United Kingdom EXCEL, London
EMO Hannover 2019
16th September 2019
Germany Hannover
Women in Tech Festival 2019
17th September 2019
United Kingdom The Brewery, London
European Microwave Week 2019
29th September 2019
France Porte De Versailles Paris