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University of Oxford Articles
The real and present danger Brexit ‘uncertainty’ poses
Senior executives from the automotive and aerospace sectors have repeatedly warned that Brexit-related uncertainty is hurting UK manufacturing, at times even calling the ensuing uncertainty a ‘disgrace’. by Professor Matthias Holweg, Oxford University
Speed record for ‘building blocks’ of quantum computers
Researchers at Oxford University have set a new speed record for the ‘logic gates’ that form the building blocks of quantum computing – a technology that could transform the way we process information. Quantum computers, which function according to the laws of quantum physics, have the potential to dwarf the processing power of today’s classical computers.
Not all boats will be lifted by the Amazon tide
As the Amazon Go store launches for public use in Seattle this week, Jonathan Reynolds, Academic Director of the Oxford Institute of Retail Management and Associate Professor at Saïd Business School, University of Oxford, talks to us about his assessment of Amazon Go, the new cashier free convenience store from Amazon.
A quantum leap for ultra-precise measurement?
An EU-funded project working with ultrafast optics, furthers control over the spatial-temporal quantum states of light, advancing quantum information science. Quantum Information Science (QIS) holds out much hope for improved metrology as well as various ITC systems. However, the degree of control over quantum states necessary to render the approach superior to conventional techniques, makes the realisation of the technology’s potentia...
Disruptive bioengineering could stop cancer cells
Researchers at the MRC Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine have developed a new platform based on the CRISPR/Cas9 technology, to alter the way human cells respond to external signals, and provide new opportunities for stopping cancer cells from developing.
Brain stimulation may help children with learning difficulties
Applying a brain stimulation method, which was previously suggested to enhance mathematical learning in healthy adults, may improve the performance of children with mathematical learning difficulties, according to an exploratory study by researchers from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. The early stage, small-scale study, which has been published in Nature's open access journal Scientific Reports, involved twelve children ...
The latest method for the 3D printing of living tissues
Scientists at the University of Oxford have developed a new method to 3D-print laboratory- grown cells to form living structures. The approach could revolutionise regenerative medicine, enabling the production of complex tissues and cartilage that would potentially support, repair or augment diseased and damaged areas of the body.
Oxford announces agreement for metabolic biomarker profiling
The Nuffield Department of Population Health (NDPH) of the University of Oxford and Finnish Nightingale Health has announced that Nightingale’s proprietary biomarker analysis technology will be installed at the NDPH Wolfson Laboratory at the University of Oxford. The aim of NDPH is to generate and disseminate reliable evidence from observational epidemiology and from randomised trials that leads to practicable methods of avoiding prema...
Researchers suggest using robots to grow human tissue
A pair of biomedical researchers with Oxford University is suggesting that human-like robots might provide the best platform for growing tissue to be transplanted into human patients. In a recent issue of Science Robots, Pierre-Alexis Mouthuy and Andrew Carr offer a Focus piece outlining the way that human tissue is now grown and explain why they think moving the process to a robot would provide a better product.
Predicting jumps in power input
Today’s commercially available silicon panels account for around 90% of total solar panel production. However, alternative solar technologies such as thin films (particularly perovskite solar cells) are developing rapidly. Renewables are considered the best energy source for reducing pollution and mitigating climate change.
'Nanobottles' offer blueprint for enhanced biological imaging
A pan-European team of researchers involving the University of Oxford has developed a new technique to provide cellular 'blueprints' that could help scientists interpret the results of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) mapping. XRF imaging is used for a wide range of elemental analyses and has a number of medicine-based potential applications, including tracking and understanding diseases such as Alzheimer's, and the evaluation of heavy metal poisoni...
Safe storage method key to hydrogen-powered vehicles
A major new discovery by scientists at the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Cardiff in the UK, and the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Saudi Arabia, has shown that hydrocarbon wax rapidly releases large amounts of hydrogen when activated with catalysts and microwaves. This discovery of a potential safe storage method, reported in the Nature journal Scientific Reports, could pave the way for widespread adop...
The advent of bacteria-powered microscopic 'windfarms'
A team of scientists from Oxford University has shown how the natural movement of bacteria could be harnessed to assemble and power microscopic 'windfarms' - or other human-made micromachines such as smartphone components. The study, published in the journal Science Advances, uses computer simulations to demonstrate that the chaotic swarming effect of dense active matter such as bacteria can be organised to turn cylindrical rotors and provide a s...
Technology enables clean and safe chemical production
A technology called HydRegen is being developed by Professor Kylie Vincent and her team in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Oxford that promises to make the production of fine chemicals 'cheaper, faster, safer and cleaner'. The project was recently awarded an Innovate UK/EPSRC grant worth £2.9 million and was the overall winner of the Royal Society of Chemistry's Emerging Technology competition in 2013.
Synthetic tissue developed with light-activated communications
A team of researchers with Oxford University has developed a type of synthetic tissue made of synthetic cells that are able to communicate with one another. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the team describes how they developed the tissue by expanding on prior research, how such tissues could be used and the ways they are looking to improve the material.
'Antimemories' could revolutionise neuroscience
One the most intriguing physics discoveries of the last century was the existence of antimatter, material that exists as the "mirror image" of subatomic particles of matter, such as electrons, protons and quarks, but with the opposite charge. Antimatter deepened our understanding of our universe and the laws of physics, and now the same idea is being proposed to explain something equally mysterious: memory.
Reducing meat consumption could save 5.1 million people by 2050
A small team of researchers at Oxford University has published a paper in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences detailing their attempts to merge region-specific health models that are based on diet and weight related risk factors with global emission economic modules, to produce impact estimates on health, economics and climate change, if the consumption of meat were to be drastically reduced in the near future.
Micro structure of steel is engineered by bi-axial deformation T&A
Recreating the bi-axial deformation experienced by steel during stamp forming is allowing researchers to engineer the microstructure and yield lighter parts. As the low hanging lightweighting fruits are picked, automotive manufacturers have to now work that bit harder to shed the pounds. BMW is perhaps one of the more progressive examples of a manufacturer driving composite R&D in a major way. However, it is not simply abandoning metal, and l...
Aircraft tracking system could aid disaster relief efforts
A tracking system called HYPERION based on eye-safe lasers could enable aircraft, UAVs and even orbiting satellites to transmit vital data to ground stations more securely, quickly and efficiently. The development of HYPERION has been pioneered by a joint team through Innovate UK's HITEA programme: the University of Oxford with funding from the EPSRC, and Airbus Group Innovations with Innovate UK support.
Material increases the lifetime of solar-powered electrons
Storing sunlight as fuel that can be later used to drive fuel cells requires new materials. Scientists demonstrated such a material. They combined two oxides on the atomic scale. The interface between the oxide materials, one containing strontium and titanium (SrTiO3) and one containing lanthanum and chromium (LaCrO3), absorbs visible light, producing electrons and holes that might be useful for catalysing reactions, such as producing hydrogen fu...