Electrification can help automakers meet environmental goals
In a recent white paper, experts from across Ricardo set out their vision for an electric future for the passenger car, in which innovations both in technology and in the processes and organisation of product development can successfully deliver both environmental and commercial sustainability for the automotive industry. Whether through hybridisation or substitution with pure battery-electric architectures, the trend towards the electrification of passenger powertrains is now firmly established, as automakers strive to meet fuel economy and CO2 emissions targets.
The Ricardo white paper entitled Driving automotive electrification draws on the skills and experience of experts from across the Ricardo group – in addition to a wide range of external sources of data and information – to present a detailed analysis of the current global passenger car market and how this is likely to develop over the next decade and beyond.
The clear conclusion of the market projection presented in the paper is that further significant increases in electrification over and above the levels of today are effectively essential if US 2025 CAFE, EU targets for 2021 and China Phase 4/5 are to be met. And to achieve these and likely future targets, a new level of market penetration for electrified powertrain vehicles – substantially higher than that of today – will be required.
As those customers who would be attracted to the environmental branding of such vehicle types will presumably already have switched as early adopters, it is logical to assume that – in the absence of a significant hike in fuel prices, or other direct incentives for the consumer – this shift in the market will need to be achieved on the basis of a more value-driven offering for mass, mid-market segments.
Having established the likely future shape of market demand for electrified powertrain products, Driving automotive electrification goes on to examine the typical organisation of powertrain product development today by the world’s leading automakers. Alternative structures and processes are then proposed, showing how product development might be adapted in the future to most effectively and efficiently meet the challenge of delivering more value-driven electrified powertrain products.
By adopting the approach outlined in the paper, the authors argue that automakers will be able to incorporate the requisite skills for the electrified powertrain products of the future, while also delivering the value-based products that will deliver both the environmental goals of regulation, as well as long term commercial sustainability.
“Given the uncertainty surrounding the specific powertrain electrification solutions, I am pleased that we have been able to present our own objective and considered Ricardo vision as to how automakers can innovate both in the products that they create for customers, as well as in their own internal product development processes,” commented Ricardo Chief Operating Officer Mark Garrett. “Powertrain electrification will require a wide range of potential solutions that enable reduced CO2 emissions to be achieved. However, manufacturing and development costs remain a key challenge. In our paper, we present our vision as to how these challenges can be overcome in a manner that can deliver on both environmental and commercial sustainability goals. I hope that other members of the auto industry find this a useful contribution to the debate on the future of powertrain electrification and encourage other experts to add their contributions to this informed debate.”