Three-phase brushless motor drivers function in confined spaces

20th November 2017
Alice Matthews

Two new three-phase brushless motor drivers have been launched by Toshiba Electronics Europe. TC78B015FTG is for 12V power supply applications and TC78B015AFTG supports applications using 24V. The new ICs support high-speed rotation of small fan motors and are suited to home appliance and industrial equipment applications. Cooling fans, such as those found in servers, combine minimum size with a high rotation speed thereby ensuring maximum cooling capability.

Toshiba’s new driver ICs are within small WQFN 36 (5x5x0.8mm) packages that can be mounted on the limited PCB space found in small motors.

The new ICs also reduce the external component count by incorporating a one-sensor drive and current detection resistor-free system. One-sensor driving reduces the number of hall sensors from three to one and ensures more reliable motor operation than a comparable sensorless drive. The resistor-free current detection system can reduce the power supply rating and eliminate the large resistors previously required. All of these innovations contribute to reduced demand for space on wiring boards.  

High speed rotation is achieved with a 150° commutation system. Rotation is faster and more stable than with a sine-wave commutation system, and vibration is lower than in a conventional 120° commutation system. Adoption of low on-resistance (upper + lower: 0.24Ω (typ.)) reduces heat generation due to the increased motor current found in high frequency drives.

The TC78B015FTG operates with a supply in the range 6-22V and the TC78B015AFTG requires a supply in the range 6-30V. Both devices support output currents up to 3A and support Hall devices as well as offering a range of protection functions including thermal shutdown, overcurrent detection and motor lock detection.

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