DC transmission system connects remote communities to the grid
Serving as an efficient transmission route in medium-voltage AC grids from 30-50kV, Siemens has introduced a new direct-current transmission system to the market; the MVDC PLUS (Medium Voltage Direct Current Power Link Universal System). Siemens has developed the transmission system for grid operators who need to enlarge their infrastructure to handle the increasing volumes of power fed into the distribution system from distributed and renewable energy sources and also keep their network stable.
Distances of up to 200km can be bridged with MVDC PLUS. Siemens offers the medium-voltage DC transmission system as a compact system in three variants: for a transmission capacity of approximately 50, 100, and 150MW at DC transmission voltages of 20-50kV.
This makes MVDC PLUS suitable for connecting small communities in sparsely populated regions to the grid, and for connecting and stabilising low-power distribution grids regardless of their voltage and frequency. This system enables a regulated power exchange between regional medium-voltage networks and microgrids. It also has greater independence from the high-voltage network. Cables as well as overhead lines can be used for transmission. It's also possible to use existing routes when it's necessary to increase power capacity without needing to move up to high-voltage level.
The transmission system also allows operators to set up a power link between islands or offshore platforms and the mainland in order to avoid maintenance measures and costs for a diesel generator backup. For example, the system can be used as a backup solution for medium voltage in the production industry, where it increases the availability of machines and equipment and reduces production losses. As a backup power supply for data centres, MVDC PLUS ensures, for example, classification in a quality stage ('tier'). The medium-voltage DC transmission system is also useful because of its cost efficiency and the short implementation time for combinations at the local level with different financing models, which are increasing in importance in countries that have a growing proportion of renewable and distributed energy sources.
MVDC technology is based on the HVDC PLUS technology used in the Siemens HVDC transmission system, but is reduced to its basic functions. Like HVDC PLUS, the medium-voltage transmission system operates with voltage-source converters (VSC) in a modular multilevel converter design (MMC) that convert alternating current into direct current and vice versa. The current on the transmission route can flow in both directions.
Thanks to the use of insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBT), the commutation processes in the converter run independent of the network voltage. Both converter stations can be operated as a static synchronous compensator (statcom). The extra high-speed control and protection intervention capabilities of the converters ensure the stability of the transmission system, which reduces network faults and malfunctions in the three-phase grid. This improves the security of supply for energy suppliers and energy customers alike.