A comprehensive portfolio for your Industry 4.0 needs

11th December 2017
Daisy Stapley-Bunten

Industry 4.0 was a term coined in 2011 at the Hannover Fair and refers to the fourth industrial revolution. Taking place as far back as the late 18th Century, the first industrial revolution related to the mechanisation of manufacturing. This led to electrification in the early part of the 20th Century (the second industrial revolution).

Computerisation and automation ushered in the third industrial revolution during the 1980s with advancements such as the PC, the internet and information and computer technology (ICT).

The fourth industrial revolution builds on the digital revolution, representing new ways in which technology becomes embedded within different sectors. It is causing a period of rapid change within manufacturing as the industry moves from automated production to full digitisation.

Within Industry 4.0, digital communication forms the backbone of a networked production system. Additional sensors for condition monitoring in gearboxes, rolling bearings and motors optimises the service life of systems and machines, increases productivity and reduces down-time.

The networking of automation systems with the internet increases the transparency of production systems and allows new business models to analyse and process large amounts of data.

To achieve full digitalisation and reap the benefits of Industry 4.0, manufacturers will need the latest technologies in industrial communication, sensors and control. Texas Instruments offer a range of products to meet these needs including:

Sitara processors

AMIC110: The Sitara™ AMIC110 device is a multi-protocol programmable industrial communications processor providing ready-to-use solutions for most industrial Ethernet and fieldbus communications slaves, as well as some masters. The device is based on the ARM Cortex-A8 processor, peripherals and industrial interface options.

The device supports high level operating systems (HLOS). Linux and TI-RTOS are available free of charge from TI. Other RTOS are also offered by TI ecosystem partners. The AMIC110 microprocessor is well suited as a companion communications chip to the C2000 family of microcontrollers for connected drives.

AM3357: Sitara™AM335x microprocessors, based on the ARM Cortex-A8 processor, are enhanced with image, graphics processing, peripherals and industrial interface options such as EtherCAT and PROFIBUS. The devices support high level operating systems (HLOS). Linux and Android are available free of charge from TI.

AM4379: Sitara™AM437x high performance processors are based on the ARM Cortex-A9 core.

The processors are enhanced with 3D graphics acceleration for rich graphical user interfaces, as well as a coprocessor for deterministic, real time processing including industrial communication protocols, such as EtherCAT, PROFIBUS, EnDat and others.

The devices support high level operating systems (HLOS). Linux is available free of charge from TI. Other HLOSs are available from TI’s Design Network and ecosystem partners. These devices offer an upgrade to systems based on lower performance ARM cores and provide updated peripherals, including memory options such as QSPI-NOR and LPDDR2.

AM5718: Sitara™ AM571x devices bring high processing performance through the maximum flexibility of a fully integrated mixed processor solution. The devices also combine programmable video processing with a highly integrated peripheral set.

Programmability is provided by a single-core ARM Cortex-A15 RISC CPU with Neon extensions and a TI C66x VLIW floating-point DSP core. The ARM processor lets developers keep control functions separate from vision algorithms programmed on the DSP and coprocessors, thus reducing the complexity of the system software.

Additionally, TI provides a complete set of development tools for the ARM and C66x DSP, including C compilers, a DSP assembly optimiser to simplify programming and scheduling, and a debugging interface for visibility into source code execution.

The AM571x Sitara ARM processor family is qualified according to the AEC-Q100 Standard.

AM5728: As well as the features of AM571x, AM572x devices also feature cryptographic acceleration is available in every AM572x device.

66AK2G: 66AK2G0x is a family of heterogeneous multi-core System-on-Chip (SoC) devices based on TI’s field proven Keystone II (KS2) architecture. These devices address applications that require both DSP and ARM performance, with integration of high speed peripheral and memory interfaces, hardware acceleration for network and cryptography functions, and high level operating systems (HLOS) support.

Similar to existing KS2-based SoC devices, the 66AK2G0x enables both the DSP and ARM cores to master all memory and peripherals in the system. This architecture facilitates maximum software flexibility where either DSP- or ARM-centric system designs can be achieved.

The 66AK2G0x significantly improves device reliability by extensively implementing error correction code (ECC) in processor cores, shared memory, embedded memory in modules and external memory interfaces. Full analysis of soft error rate (SER) and power-on-hours (POH) shows that the designated 66AK2G0x parts satisfy a wide range of industrial and automotive requirements.

Additionally, TI provides a complete set of development tools for the ARM and C66x DSP, including C compilers, a DSP assembly optimiser to simplify programming and scheduling, and a debugging interface for visibility into source code execution.

Current Splitter MSP430 Microcontrollers

MSP430FR6047: The MSP430FR6047 family of ultrasonic sensing and measurement SoCs are powerful, highly integrated microcontrollers (MCUs) that are optimised for water and heat meters. These MCUs offer an integrated Ultrasonic Sensing Solution (USS) module, which provides high accuracy for a wide range of flow rates.

The ultrasonic sensing module helps achieve ultra-low power metering combined with lower system cost due to maximum integration requiring very few external components. MSP430FR6047 MCUs implements a high speed ADC-based signal acquisition followed by optimised digital signal processing using the integrated Low-Energy Accelerator (LEA) module to deliver a high accuracy metering solution with ultra-low power optimum for battery powered metering applications.

Connected MCU with integrated Ethernet PHY

MSP432E: The SimpleLink™ MSP432E401Y Arm Cortex-M4F microcontrollers provide top performance and advanced integration. The product family is positioned for cost effective applications requiring significant control processing and connectivity capabilities.

The MSP432E401Y microcontrollers integrate a large variety of rich communication features to enable a new class of highly connected designs with the ability to allow critical real time control between performance and power. The microcontrollers feature integrated communication peripherals along with other high performance analogue and digital functions to offer a strong foundation for many different target uses, spanning from human machine interface (HMI) to networked system management controllers.

Industrial Interface blocks for Ethernet

DP83822I: The DP83822 is a low power single-port 10/100Mbps Ethernet PHY. It provides all physical layer functions needed to transmit and receive data over both standard twisted-pair cables or connect to an external fibre optic transceiver. Additionally, the DP83822 provides flexibility to connect to a MAC through a standard MII, RMII or RGMII interface.

The DP83822 offers integrated cable diagnostic tools, built-in self-test and loopback capabilities for ease of use. It supports multiple industrial buses with its fast link-down timing as well as Auto-MDIX in forced modes.

DP83867: The DP83867 device is a robust, low power, fully featured Physical Layer transceiver with integrated PMD sublayers to support 10BASE-Te, 100BASE-TX and 1000BASE-T Ethernet protocols. OptimiSed for ESD protection, the DP83867 exceeds 8-kV IEC 61000-4-2 (direct contact).

The DP83867 is designed for easy implementation of 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet LANs. It interfaces directly to twisted pair media via an external transformer. This device interfaces directly to the MAC layer through the IEEE 802.3 Standard Media Independent Interface (MII), the IEEE 802.3 Gigabit Media Independent Interface (GMII) or Reduced GMII (RGMII). The QFP package supports MII/GMII/RGMII whereas the QFN package supports RGMII.

RS-485 (ISO1176T): The ISO1176T is an isolated differential line transceiver with integrated oscillator outputs that provide the primary voltage for an isolation transformer. The device is ideal for long transmission lines because the ground loop is broken to allow the device to operate with a much larger common-mode voltage range.

The symmetrical isolation barrier of each device is tested to provide 4242VPK of isolation per VDE for 60 seconds between the line transceiver and the logic-level interface.

CAN (ISO1050): The ISO1050 is a galvanically isolated CAN transceiver that meets the specifications of the ISO11898-2 standard. The device has the logic input and output buffers separated by a silicon oxide (SiO2) insulation barrier that provides galvanic isolation of up to 5,000 VRMS for ISO1050DW and 2,500 VRMS for ISO1050DUB. Used in conjunction with isolated power supplies, the device prevents noise currents on a data bus or other circuits from entering the local ground and interfering with or damaging sensitive circuitry.

IO-Link (TIOL111): The TIOL111 family of transceivers implements the IO-Link interface for industrial bidirectional, point-to-point communication. When the device is connected to an IO-Link master through a 3-wire interface, the master can initiate communication and exchange data with the remote node while the TIOL111 acts as a complete physical layer for the communication.

These devices are capable of withstanding up to 1.2kV (500Ω) of IEC 61000-4-5 surge and feature integrated reverse polarity protection.

IO-Link (TIOS101): The TIOS101 devices are configurable as high-side, low-side or push-pull drivers. These devices are capable of withstanding up to 1.2kV (500Ω) of IEC 61000-4-5 surge and feature integrated reverse polarity protection.

A simple pin-programmable interface allows easy interfacing to the controller circuits. The output current limit can be configured using an external resistor.

Fault reporting and internal protection functions are provided for under voltage, over circuit current and over temperature.

Fast, precise and safe data converters

ADS124S0x: The ADS124S06 and ADS124S08 are precision, 24-bit, delta-sigma (ΔΣ), analogue-to-digital converters (ADCs) that offer low power consumption and many integrated features to reduce system cost and component count in applications measuring small signal sensors.

These ADCs feature configurable digital filters that offer low latency conversion results and 50Hz or 60Hz rejection for noisy industrial environments. A low noise, programmable gain amplifier (PGA) provides gains ranging from 1 to 128 to amplify low level signals for resistive bridge or thermocouple applications. Additionally, these devices integrate a low-drift, 2.5V reference that reduces printed circuit board (PCB) area. Finally, two programmable excitation current sources (IDACs) allow for easy and accurate RTD biasing.

ADS122U04: The ADS122U04 is a precision, 24-bit, analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) that features two differential or four single-ended inputs through a flexible input multiplexer (MUX), a low noise, programmable gain amplifier (PGA), two programmable excitation current sources, a voltage reference, an oscillator, and a precision temperature sensor.

The device can perform conversions at data rates up to 2,000 samples-per-second (SPS) with single-cycle settling. At 20 SPS, the digital filter offers simultaneous 50Hz and 60Hz rejection for noisy industrial applications. The internal PGA offers gains up to 128. This PGA makes the ADS122U04 ideally suited for applications measuring small sensor signals, such as resistance temperature detectors (RTDs), thermocouples, thermistors and resistive bridge sensors.

DAC8775: The DAC8775 is a quad-channel precision, fully integrated, 16-bit, digital-to-analogue converter (DAC) with adaptive power management, and is designed to meet the requirements of industrial control applications. The adaptive power management circuit, when enabled, minimises the power dissipation of the chip. When programmed as a current output, the supply voltage on the current output driver is regulated between 4.5V and 32V based on continuous feedback of voltage on the current output pin via an integrated buck/boost converter.

When programmed as a voltage output, this circuit generates a programmable supply voltage for the voltage output stage (±15V). DAC8775 also contains an LDO to generate the digital supply (5V) from a single power supply pin.

DAC8740H: The DAC8740H, DAC8741H and DAC8742H are HART, FOUNDATION Fieldbus and PROFIBUS PA compliant low power modems designed for industrial process control and industrial automation applications.

In HART mode, the DAC874xH integrates all of the required circuitry to operate as half-duplex HART physical layer modems, in either slave or master configurations with minimal external components for filtering. In FOUNDATION Fieldbus mode, the DAC874xH integrates all of the required circuitry to operate as half-duplex FOUNDATION Fieldbus compliant H1 Controllers and MAUs.

Efficient power electronics with GaN technology

LMG3410: The LMG3410 Single-Channel Gallium-Nitride (GaN) Power Stage contains a 70mΩ, 600V GaN power transistor, an optimised driver, and built-in protection, in a low inductance 8x8mm QFN package. The LMG3410 power stage coupled with TI’s analogue and digital power conversion controllers enables designers to create smaller, more efficient and higher performing designs compared to silicon FET-based solutions. These benefits are especially important in isolated high voltage industrial, telecom, enterprise computing and renewable energy applications.

Supporting products for power supply, clocking and protection with external connections

LM5166: The LM5166 is a compact, easy-to-use, 3V to 65V, ultra-low IQ synchronous buck converter with high efficiency over wide input voltage and load current ranges. With integrated high-side and low-side power MOSFETs, up to 500mA of output current can be delivered at fixed output voltages of 3.3V or 5V, or an adjustable output.

The converter is designed to simplify implementation while providing options to optimise the performance for the target application. Pulse frequency modulation (PFM) mode is selected for optimal light load efficiency or constant on-time (COT) control for nearly constant operating frequency. Both control schemes do not require loop compensation while providing excellent line and load transient response and short PWM on-time for large step-down conversion ratios.

TPS7A39: The TPS7A39 device is a dual, monolithic, high-PSRR, positive and negative low-dropout (LDO) voltage regulator capable of sourcing (and sinking) up to 150mA of current. The regulated outputs can be independently and externally adjusted to symmetrical or asymmetrical voltages, making this device an ideal dual, bipolar power supply for signal conditioning.

Both positive and negative outputs of the TPS7A39 ratiometrically track each other during startup to mitigate floating conditions and other power supply sequencing issues common in dual-rail systems. The negative output can regulate up to 0V, extending the common-mode range for single-supply amplifiers. The TPS7A39 also features high PSRR to eliminate power supply noise, such as switching noise, that can compromise signal integrity.

TPS2660: The TPS2660x devices are compact, feature rich high voltage eFuses with a full suite of protection features. The wide supply input range of 4.2 to 55V allows control of many popular DC bus voltages. The device can withstand and protect the loads from positive and negative supply voltages up to ±60V.

Integrated back to back FETs provide a reverse current blocking feature making the device suitable for systems with output voltage holdup requirements during power fail and brownout conditions. Load, source and device protection are provided with many adjustable features including overcurrent, output slew rate and overvoltage, undervoltage thresholds. The internal robust protection control blocks along with the high voltage rating of the TPS2660x helps to simplify the system designs for surge protection.

TPS82130: The TPS82130 is a 17V input 3A step-down converter MicroSiPTM power module optimised for small solution size and high efficiency. The module integrates a synchronous step-down converter and an inductor to simplify design, reduce external components and save PCB area. The low profile and compact solution is suitable for automated assembly by standard surface mount equipment.

To maximise efficiency, the converter operates in PWM mode with a nominal switching frequency of 2MHz and automatically enters Power Save Mode operation at light load currents. In Power Save Mode, the device operates with typically 20µA quiescent current. Using the DCS-Control topology, the device achieves excellent load transient performance and accurate output voltage regulation.

TVS3300: The TVS3300 is a transient voltage suppressor which provides robust protection for electronic circuits exposed to high transient voltage events. Unlike a traditional TVS diode, the TVS3300 precision clamp triggers at a lower breakdown voltage and regulates to maintain a flat clamping voltage throughout a transient overvoltage event.

The lower clamping voltage combined with a low dynamic resistance enables a unique TVS protection solution that can lower the voltage a system is exposed during a surge event by up to 30% in unidirectional configuration and up to 20% in bidirectional configuration when compared to traditional TVS diodes. The low clamping voltage and flat clamping performance allow designers to confidently select downstream system components with maximum voltage rating than is possible with traditional TVS diodes, saving system cost, board area and improving overall performance.

REF3425: The REF3425 device is a low temperature drift (6 ppm/°C), low power, high precision CMOS voltage reference, featuring ±0.05% initial accuracy, low operating current with power consumption less than 95µA . This device also offers very low output noise of 5µVp-p /V, which enables its ability to maintain high signal integrity with high resolution data converters and noise critical systems. With a small SOT-23 package, REF3425 offers enhanced specifications and pin-to-pin replacement for MAX6071 and ADR3425.

Reliable HMI Display Power Solutions

TPS65150: The TPS65150 device offers a very compact and small power supply solution that provides all three voltages required by thin film transistor (TFT) LCD displays. With an input voltage range of 1.8V to 6V the device is well suited for notebooks powered by a 2.5V or 3.3V input rail or monitor applications with a 5V input voltage rail. Additionally the TPS65150 device provides an integrated high current buffer to provide the VCOM voltage for the TFT backplane.

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