Fraunhofer IPMS develops multi-sensor system for water analysis

21st March 2024
Sheryl Miles

The Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems IPMS claim to be setting new standards in the assessment of water quality for humans and the environment.

In addition to key parameters such as conductivity and pH, nutrients such as nitrate, phosphate, and potassium will also play an important role as key ions in the future. Their evaluation is particularly important in environmental analysis, agriculture, and water management.

In the Chemical Sensors and Systems business unit, the Fraunhofer IPMS research team has been working intensively on the development of state-of-the-art ion-sensitive field-effect transistors (ISFET) and capacitive conductivity sensors that can be seamlessly integrated into environmental measurement systems. Innovative control electronics have now been developed for the successful and efficient use of the sensors, enabling flexible and energy-efficient use of these sensors.

The properties of the pH sensors from Fraunhofer IPMS are particularly noteworthy, as Dr. Olaf Hild, Head of the Chemical Sensor Technology Business Unit at the institute, reports: "The low drift of less than 20µV/h, the wide addressable pH range from pH 1 to pH 13 as well as the extremely small hysteresis and low light sensitivity make our pH sensors unique. Added to this is their impressive mechanical stability."

In addition, the conductivity sensors with a measuring range from 10µS/cm to 100mS/cm offer versatile application possibilities for environmental analysis. The sensors can also be adapted to customer-specific requirements, both sensory and electrical.

These pioneering technologies from Fraunhofer IPMS help to significantly increase the efficiency and precision of environmental analysis and open up new possibilities for individual applications in various industries. The developed electronics, together with the ISFETs and the conductivity sensors, will be presented at the "analytica" trade fair from 9–12 April 2024 in Munich. Interested users will have the opportunity to examine the performance and discuss specific requirements for their individual purposes at the Fraunhofer IPMS stand A3.407. Appointments for expert discussions with scientists and developers can be arranged in advance via the Fraunhofer IPMS website.

Physical principles of the ISFET from Fraunhofer IPMS

The capacitive conductivity sensor developed by Fraunhofer IPMS uses a metallic four-electrode arrangement coated with a chemically and mechanically robust metal oxide. This design ensures that the measuring medium only contacts the oxide and not the electrode metal, preventing the release or contamination of metal ions during measurement. The sensors have a cell constant of 0.8 to 1.1cm-1 and can be used at a measuring frequency in the range of 100Hz to 1MHz.

The novel ISFET from Fraunhofer IPMS is based on metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) field-effect transistor technology, whereby the sensor area in contact with the medium consists of an amphoteric metal oxide layer. This pH-sensitive layer reversibly adsorbs hydronium or hydroxide ions from the measuring medium based on the pH value. The voltage (VGS) measured between the source electrode and the gate or reference electrode (Ag/AgCl in 3M KCl) is then used as the measurement signal.

Product Spotlight

Upcoming Events

View all events
Latest global electronics news
© Copyright 2024 Electronic Specifier