University of Cardiff
University of Cardiff Articles
Detect cyber attacks on smart devices in the home
A novel system capable of detecting and classifying cyber attacks on smart devices around our homes has been developed by experts at Cardiff University. The system can distinguish between malicious or benign activity and detect attacks on devices such as the Amazon Echo Dot and Apple TV with a 90% accuracy.
AI developed to help police support victims of hate crime
An increase in hate speech on social media leads to more crimes against minorities in the physical world, a study shows. Academics from Cardiff University’s HateLab project collected Twitter and police recorded crime data from London over an eight-month period to analyse whether a significant association existed.
High-tech scanner spots people inside freight trucks
A UK trial of the technology undertaken by Sequestim has shown how people can be clearly identified behind the curtains of freight trucks when they are travelling even at speeds up to 100 mph, providing a quick and non-intrusive way of screening potential security threats. The camera can also locate people hidden inside crates within these vehicles and can warn if people are carrying weapons.
Academics using cutting-edge algorithms to monitor online hate
Artificial intelligence (AI) is being used to tackle anti-Polish hate crime in the run up to Brexit. Researchers at HateLab, based at Cardiff University, are working with Samurai Labs, a Polish Artificial Intelligence laboratory, to monitor aggressive social media content and pinpoint any connections to offline events. The year following the Brexit vote saw the largest spike in police recorded hate crime – up 57% on the previous year.&...
Universal pattern in the way we surf our smartphones
Humans are unknowingly adhering to a universal pattern when they flick between apps on their smartphones, scientists have discovered. Experts from Cardiff University have shown that although we spend a varying amount of time glued to our screens, the way in which we specifically switch between our different apps is remarkably similar.
UK gets new £5 million climate change research centre
Cardiff University has been selected as the main hub for a £5m research centre to explore how we can live differently to help understand and achieve the society-wide transformations urgently required to bring about a sustainable, low-carbon future. A collaboration between Cardiff, Manchester, York and East Anglia Universities, and charity Climate Outreach, the Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations (CAST) will work closel...
Could AI improve patient care in the NHS?
The adoption of artificial intelligence in the diagnosis and prognosis of disease could help to extend people’s lives whilst providing significant savings for the NHS. This is according to researchers from Cardiff University who have provided compelling evidence showing the benefits that techniques can bring to risk assessments in patients.
Scientists develop lie detector for written text
Scientists have developed a computer tool that can spot if somebody has filed a fake police statement based purely on the text included in the document. Using a combination of automatic text analysis and advanced machine learning techniques, the tool has been able to successfully identify false robbery reports with over 80% accuracy.
Automated facial recognition tech in major policing operations
Academics at Cardiff University have conducted the first independent academic evaluation of Automated Facial Recognition (AFR) technology across a variety of major policing operations. The project by the Universities’ Police Science Institute evaluated South Wales Police’s deployment of Automated Facial Recognition across several major sporting and entertainment events in Cardiff city over more than a year, including the UEFA Cha...
Mathematicians calculate the safest way home for pedestrians
Researchers at Cardiff University have developed algorithms to successfully predict the likelihood of road accidents, opening up the possibility of a mobile app to guide pedestrians along the safest instead of quickest route.
Wealthy countries less concerned about energy security
An international team led by researchers from Cardiff University has revealed that across Europe, social and economic factors play a key role in how people feel about the security of their energy sources. Countries such as Iceland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland have been shown to have generally lower energy security concerns, whereas Portugal, Spain, Russia, France and Belgium have higher levels of concern.
Could AI robots develop prejudice on their own?
Showing prejudice towards others does not require a high level of cognitive ability and could easily be exhibited by artificially intelligent machines, new research has suggested. Computer science and psychology experts from Cardiff University and MIT have shown that groups of autonomous machines could demonstrate prejudice by simply identifying, copying and learning this behaviour from one another.
Wales awarded first cyber security centre of excellence
Cardiff University has joined a prestigious list of academic institutions helping to make the UK the safest place to live and work online. As a Centre of Excellence the University will nurture more young talent and foster a pipeline of the next generation of cyber security professionals.
Bacteria helps develop self-healing masonry
Scientists are exploiting the unique properties of bacteria to help develop a self-healing system for buildings and historic structures. Based at Cardiff University, the team have set out to produce a system that can be simply applied to building stone and masonry to give it self-healing properties. Once applied, the team state that any sort of damage to the stone will trigger the release of bacteria and a range of ‘helper’ chemi...
Genome editing improves T-cells to attack cancer
Researchers at Cardiff University have found a way to boost the cancer-destroying ability of the immune system’s T-cells, offering new hope in the fight against a wide range of cancers. Using CRISPR genome editing, the team took the genetic engineering of killer T-cells one step further by removing their non-cancer specific receptors and replacing them with ones that would recognise specific cancer cells and destroy them.
University launches Institute for Compound Semiconductors
In order to take research findings out of the lab and put them into the hands of those who can best exploit them, Cardiff University has launched the Institute for Compound Semiconductors (ICS). The aim is to bridge the exploitation gap, or 'valley of death'. The ICS aims to position South East Wales as the European leader in compound semiconductors, providing facilities that help researchers and industry work together to meet consumer deman...
EU funded project develops future offshore DC grids
Having made some important advances towards future offshore DC grids, a European Union-funded project that has trained the next-gen of offshore wind experts has just concluded. ‘MEDOW’ was an ‘Initial Training Network’ funded by the EU’s Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions programme. It aimed to provide a ‘training through research’ approach to the exciting new field of multi-terminal DC grids for o...
Hydrogen could be derived from grass
Garden grass could become a source of cheap and clean renewable energy, scientists have claimed. A team of UK researchers, including experts from Cardiff University's Cardiff Catalysis Institute, have shown that significant amounts of hydrogen can be unlocked from fescue grass with the help of sunlight and a cheap catalyst.
Latest practical silicon-based laser has been created
A group of researchers from the UK, including academics from Cardiff University, has demonstrated the first practical laser that has been grown directly on a silicon substrate. It is believed the breakthrough could lead to ultra-fast communication between computer chips and electronic systems and therefore transform a wide variety of sectors, from communications and healthcare to energy generation.
Cardiff University partners with Huawei
Huawei has announced two research and development projects that it is undertaking with Cardiff University.