Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) Articles
Chip controlling exoskeleton keeps the brain cool
Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have developed a model for predicting hand movement trajectories based on cortical activity: Signals are measured directly from a human brain. The predictions rely on linear models. This offloads the processor, since it requires less memory and fewer computations in comparison with neural networks. As a result, the processor can be combined with a sensor and implanted in the cranium.
Staining extremophile microorganisms with fluorescent dyes
Researchers from MIPT and their colleagues from Research Center Juelich (Germany) and Dmitry Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia have described a new method for studying microorganisms that can survive in extreme conditions. The scientists identified a fluorescent dye that enabled them to observe the life cycle of bacteria in real time.
Silicon nanoparticles effectively manipulate light
A team of physicists from ITMO University (Saint Petersburg) and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) has demonstrated the potential of silicon nanoparticles for effective non-linear light manipulation. Their work lays the foundation for the development of novel optical devices with a wide range of functionalities. These silicon nanoparticles based devices would allow to transmit, reflect, or scatter incident light in a specified dir...
Electrified quantum diamond to become essential for quantum networks
Dmitry Fedyanin from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Mario Agio from the University of Siegen and LENS have predicted that artificial defects in the crystal lattice of diamond can be turned into ultrabright and extremely efficient electrically-driven quantum emitters.
Method creates universal quantum computer with qudits
Physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Center have developed an easier method to create a universal quantum computer using multilevel qudits, each one of which is able to work with multiple "conventional" qubits. Professor Vladimir Man'ko, Aleksey Fedorov and Evgeny Kiktenko have published the results of their studies of multilevel quantum systems in a series of papers in Physical Review A, Physics Letters A, and also Quantum Measureme...
Minimally traumatic and inexpensive ceramic laser scalpel
Scientists from MIPT and their colleagues have developed a compact and powerful ceramic-based laser with applications in minimally traumatic and inexpensive laser surgical scalpels, and also for cutting and engraving composite materials. The results of the study have been published in Optics Letters. Today, lasers are in consumer electronics devices, medicine, metallurgy, metrology, meteorology, and many other areas.
Physicists create high-precision 'quantum ruler'
Physicists from the Russian Quantum Center (RQC), MIPT, the Lebedev Physical Institute, and L'Institut d'Optique (Palaiseau, France) have devised a method for creating a special quantum entangled state. This state enables producing a high-precision ruler capable of measuring large distances to an accuracy of billionths of a metre. The results of the study have been published in Nature Communications.
Diamond-based microstructures could produce microsensors
A collaborative of Russian researchers has mathematically modelled diamond-based microstructures for producing compact, high-sensitivity sensors. The study investigates the problem of selecting a useful acoustic signal taking into account the excitation of Lamb waves in promising microwave microresonators with substrates of synthetic diamonds.
3D biochips could detect bowel cancer at early stages
Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), the Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology (EIMB RAS), the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry (IBCh) and a number of other Russian research centers have developed a new method of diagnosing colorectal cancer. The results of the study have been published in Cancer Medicine. The scientists have created a hydrogel-based biochip to help detect bowel cancer i.e. colorectal cance...
Graphene-based transistor increases the speed of processors
Scientists have developed a type of graphene-based transistor and using modelling they have demonstrated that it has ultralow power consumption compared with other similar transistor devices. The findings have been published in a paper in the journal Scientific Reports. The most important effect of reducing power consumption is that it enables the clock speed of processors to be increased. According to calculations, the increase could be as high ...
'Electronic synapses' represent advances in computing systems
A team of scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have created prototypes of "electronic synapses" based on ultra-thin films of hafnium oxide (HfO2). These prototypes could be used in fundamentally new computing systems. The paper has been published in the journal Nanoscale Research Letters. The group of researchers from MIPT have made HfO2-based memristors measuring just 40x40 nm2.
Hafnium oxide material could store non-volatile memory
Scientists from MIPT have succeeded in growing ultra-thin (2.5-nanometre) ferroelectric films based on hafnium oxide that could potentially be used to develop non-volatile memory elements called ferroelectric tunnel junctions. The results of the study have been published in the journal ACS Applied Material Interfaces. Scientists all over the world are trying to develop faster and more compact storage devices. The ideal would be a universal memory...
Physicists produce optimised material for air filters
A research team from the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences have synthesised the material that is perfect for protection of respiratory organs, analytical research and other practical purposes. An almost weightless fabric made of nylon nanofibers with a diameter less than 15 nm beats any other similar materials in terms of filtering and optical properties.
Physicists demonstrate a simpler method of magnetic vortex excitation
A team of scientists, including physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Centre, have demonstrated a method of exciting magnetic vortices – which could potentially be used in the electronics of the future as information carriers – using less current. The corresponding theoretical calculations have been published in Physical Review B.